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  • 您當前所在位置: 首頁 > 人物風采 > 民建先賢

    追憶近代愛國實業家陳經畬先生

    作者:聶天德   信息來源:民建中央網站   發布時間: 2021年03月29日
      
    分享到:

      chenjingyu(1880-1967),jiangsushengnanjingshiren,huizu。cengrenquanguorendachangweihuiweiyuan,quanguozhengxieweiyuan,zhongyangminzushiwuweiyuanhuiweiyuan,quanguogongshanglianfuzhuxi,minjianzhongyangchangwei,zhongguoyisilanjiaoxiehuifuhuichang,hubeishengfushengchang,hubeishengzhengxiechangwei,shenggongshanglianfuzhuwei,wuhanshifushichang,minjianshiweifuzhuwei、zhuwei,shigongshanglianzhuwei。

      zuoweiwuhanshideyimingyuangongshangyezhe,woshishigongshangliandiyijiehuiyuandaibiaodahui(ji1952nianzhaokaidechenglidahui)daibiao,youxingjieshiwomengongshangjiedelaoqianbei——chenjingyulaoxiansheng,yejianzhenglechenlaoweiwoguojindaiminzugongyedefazhansuozuodenuli,weiwuhanshishanghui、gongshanglianshiyedekaichuangouxinlixue,shizhongbuyudi“tingmaozhuxidehua,gendangzou,zoushehuizhuyidaolu”,weishehuizhuyijianshebucilaokudeyisheng。

    愛國的近代實業家

      chenlaoyu1880nianshengyunanjingyigeyizhiduanweiyedejiating,huizuren。shaoniandechenlao,zaiduguojiniansishuhou,18 suidaoyijiaxiaoqianmidiandangxuetu,21suidaohankoudangdianyuan。25suishi,yiweitongxiangjizizaijintiandejianghanlukaishe“yishengchengguanghuodian”(hougaiwei“yishunchengxiemaoguanghuodian”),chenlaodanrenguanzhang。houjinggudongzizhurugu,beipinweijingli,ziciburushiyezhitu。weishixianshiyejiuguomeng,chenlaozai35suineinianchuangbanle“hanchangzaozhuchang”。kuxinjingyingshunian,pojuguimo。chenlaocongshijingyingzuidadetedianshibanshizhongxinyu,dedaogefangmiandexinren;lingyitedianshitebiezhongshizhiliang,zaiyishunchengxiemaoguanghuodianshiqi,tacongzizhibuxierushou,chuangzaomingpaichanpin,jingxuanyongliao,shiyangbiaoxin。hanchangzaozhuchangshengchandefeizao,taqinziguidingpeiliaobiaozhun,jishizaijingyingzuikunnandeshiqi,yecongbuxujiangdibiaozhun。

      chenlaoshiweiminzuzhuyizhe,zaiwaidimianqianshizhongbiaoxianchuzhengzhengtiegu;tayoushiweiaiguozhuyizhe,mianduizainanshenzhongdezuguo,chuchubiaoxianchuaiguoqinghuai。1931nian“jiuyiba”shibianbaofa,quanguorenminxianqikangrijiuguogaochaohedizhirihuoyundong,zheyiqiechufaletademinzuyishi,gandaozijiduiminzudezeren。tajiangyishunchengxiemaoguanghuodiangaiweiguohuodian,buzaijingxiaojinkouhuo。tahuanrenweiyaojiuguoguangkaojingshangbuxing,huandebangongye,erqieyaogaoxiandaigongye,yushizhubujiangshangyezibenzhuanyidaogongyezhonglai。tacongshanghaidinggouyitaozhizaofeizaodeshebei,congdeguodinggouyitaocongfeizaofeiyezhongtichunganyoudeshebei,huanzhongjinpinqingfuyoujingyandejishurenyuanfuzejishugongzuo, zhunbeijiangzuofangshidehanchangzaozhuchanggaizaoweijixiehua、xiandaihuadezhizaogongchang;tongshi,tatouzigaotongyouchukoushiye,yinciyouchuangjian“yishuntaitongyouxing”。1937 niankangzhanbaofaqian,zhizaofeizaoshebeiyijianchengkaigong,congdeguodinggoudeganyoushebeishangweidaohuo。1938nianwuhanlunxianqianxi,tayiranjiangyishunchengguohuodianheyishuntaitongyouxingguanbi,mudejiushiminzugongyebunengluorudishou。hanchangzaozhuchangbufenshebeiqiandaozhongqing,bufenshebeichaicunyuhankouyingzujiecangku,1944nianhuiyufeijihongzha。ganyoushebeiyu1939nianyundishanghai。gaochundudeganyoushizhizaozhayaodeyuanliao,rikoudangranbuhuifangguo,ribenrenqitutongguotanpan,lalongchenlaohezuo,zaodaochenlaoyancijujue。1940nian,chenlaoyiwenhua、jingjituantidaibiaodeshenfen,beiguomindangzhengfupinweidiyi、erjieguomincanzhengyuan。1941nian,zaizhongqingcanjiacanzhenghuihuiyihou,fanhuishanghaizujiezhudi。9yue,beirixianbingduihewangweitewudaibu,kouyayigeduoyue。zaiyaqijian,riweiweibiliyou,chenlaobuweisuodong,baochileminzuqijie。

      1943nian,nianguoliuxundechenlaoweifanhuipeidou,lijinqiannanwanxian,congshanghaiduziyirentongguodirendezhongzhongfengsuoxian,basheshuqianlifanyu。1945niankangzhanshengli,maozedongfuzhongqingtanpan,guomindangdangjubudebutongyihepingjianguodejibenfangzhen,chenlaoweizhiguwu,xiechangziyuanzhi、cizilongshudongguiwuhanfuye。taduiyuanzhishuo:“kangzhanshenglile,hepingjianguoyouwang,woyaoshixianshiyejiuguodesuyuan。”

      1946nian4yue,hanchangzaozhuchang、yishunchengguohuodianheyishuntaitongyouxingfuye。1946nian11 yue,“hanchang”tourujixiehuashengchan。zhihouneizhanshenru,shichangweisuo,tonghuopengzhang,wujiatengzhang,qiyezijinzhouzhuanshifenkunnan。zhizhi1949nian,guomindangdangjuzaizhengzhi、jingji、junshishangquanmianbengkui,minzugongshangyeyanyanyixi,bushaochangdiandaobi,“hanchang”yebinlinjuejing。chenyuanzhihuiyidangshiqingkuangshuo:“wuhanzaichixieshijiefang,dengdaitamendezhiyoupochanyitu。”

      yishangzhishiwozhuishuchenlaoaiguodiandi,zuoweiyigezibenjia、shangren,wojuedejubeizheyangdeminzuqijieheaiguosixiangzaidangshishifeichangkeguide。

    德高望重的市工商聯(商會)奠基人

      chenlaodeyishengyugongshanglian、shanghuijiexialebujiezhiyuan。1933nian,tadangxuanweidierjiehankoushishanghuizhuxi。anzhaodangshide《shanghuifa》he《gongshangtongyegonghuifa》guiding,chenlaozaiweiqiliangnianderenqinei,zhiliyushanghuijianshe,haozhaogongshangjietongrenchuangbanshiye,shixianshiyejiuguodemengxiang,duidangshijipinjiruodezhongguojuyoushifenzhongyaodexianshiyiyi。

      chenlaobujinshiyouchengjiudegongshangyezhe,erqiehuanzhiliyujiuzhongguodejiaoyuhecishanshiye。dao1935 nian3 yue,chenlaociquhankoushishanghuizhuxizhiwu,zhizhi1938nian10yuewuhanlunxian(wuhanlunxianhou,hankoushishanghuizhuyaofuzerenchewanghoufang,shanghuitingzhigongzuo),bujianduandizhiliyujiaoyuhecishanshiye。zaozai1912nian,tachuangbanle“qiutanzhuxuejin”, zizhuyouxiupinhanxueshengshangzhongxue,zhizhidaxue。1914 nian,chuangban“nanjingbeichengsongzhensuo”。1924nian,yuzhiyouyangshuping(chenlaodetongxiang、tongshi、zhiyou)helichuangban“nanjingshidaoxiaoxue”,jiangzhupinhanyouxiuzidi。1932nian,kuodawei“nanjinghepingmenqingzhensixiaoxue”。tongnian,zaihanfaqichuangban“hankoujiangsuxiaoxue”,zirenxiaochang。1932—1936nian,chenlaochuangbanlenanjinggueryuanhehankougueryuan,shixianleyishengyouyisuyuan,zheyutayounianjiatingpinku,qingshaonianshijiukaishiwaichumoushengdejingliyouhendaguanxi。1931nian,wuhanzaoshoutedashuizai,hankoushineishuishenshuchi,laobaixingdecaichanshoudaohendasunshi,tadegongchang、shangdianziranyenanxingmian,dantahuanshiyiranchurenhubeishengshuizaijizhenjiujihuifuhuichang,bingnachudabufenshijiancongshijiujigongzuo。jiuzaigongzuoshichenlaozaihankougongshangjieshulilehendadeshengwang。dashuituihou,dabufenzaiminfanhuijiaxiang,danyeyouxuduowujiakeguideguer,liuluojietou,bujinshenghuowuzhuluo,erqieshiqushoujiaoyudejihui。chenlaolvxianchangyichengliyigeyongjiuxingjigou,shourongzhepiguer。zhegechangyidedaohankougongshangjiemingliuhehengfu、huangwenzhi、sutaiyudengrenzantong,mujijuankuan10wanyuan,chenglihankougueryuan, chenlaorenyuanchang。tarenweiyaorangguershoujiaoyu,yaoxuexiyixiejishu,yibianchengrenhounengziliyushehui。yushipinqingbiyeyunanjingliangjiangshifanxuexiaodelijiahexianshengweiyuanwuzhuren,fuzeguerdejiaoyu。1937niankangzhankaishi,rijihongzhawuhan,guerzhongwufashusandeyue150yuren,zhuandaosichuanwanxianertongjiaoyangyuan。kangzhanshenglihou,hankougueryuanzaiyuanzhihuifu,chenlaorengdanrenyuanchang,lingshexiaochangyizhi,pinqingduiertongjiaoyushiyeyoujingyandezhuhanzhudanren。tajinyibukandao,bangueryuanbujinjingeigueryimoushengzilidejihui,gengzhongyaodeshiyaocongzhongpeiyurencai。gueryuanzhibanxiaoxue,guercongxiaoxuebiyehou,runengkaoquzhongxue,zecong“qiutanzhuxuejin”zhongbuzhu,zhidaodaxuebiye。wuhanjiefangyihou,hankougueryuanjixukaiban,zhidao1955nianyouwuhanshiminzhengjujieban。20yunianzhong,hankougueryuanpeiyangleyuqianguerxuesheng,dabufenbiyehouchengweigetiaozhanxiandegugan。1938nianwuhanlunxianshi,wohuanbudao10sui,qinshenganshouleribendiguozhuyidebaoxing,tianshangshiribenrendefeijihongzha、dishangshiribenguizidaochushaoshaqiangduo,zhenggehankoushiyiyezhijianjiuchenglerenjiandediyu。nanjingdatushadexiaoxi,shichenlaonanguozhendong,ribendiguozhuyidebaoxingjifachenlaodeminzuyishi,taganjuedaoleminzudeshengsicunwang,zaizuohaozijiqiyehening、hangueryuanshanhougongzuodetongshi,yejijitoushendaonanminjiujigongzuozhong。tayihankougejiekangdihouyuanhuifuhuichang、hankoushishanghuifuzerenhejiangsulvhantongxianghuihuichangshenfen,chenglijiangsunanminjiujiweiyuanhui,she8geshourongsuo。shizhengzhidongji,nanminlijinqianxinwanku,jiusiyisheng,laidaowuhan,meiyichuan,meidongxichi,shourongsuogonggeishisu,fafangyibei。zheqijian,chenlaoqingzhuquanbujingli,shangwujinxingshehuichoukuanhuodong,xiawuzaijiujiweiyuanhuibangonghuoxunshishourongsuo。shouronggongzuozhi1938nian6yuejieshu,qianhoushouliunanmin2wanduoren。kangrijiuwanggongzuo,shichenlaochengweiwuhannaizhiquanguodegaowangzhongdeaiguorenshi。

      xinzhongguochenglihou,chenlaoshoumingtoushendaowuhanshigongshangyelianhehuidechoubeihezujiangongzuozhong。wodangshizuoweiyigegongshangyezhe,qinyanmudulechoubeigongzuodefanmang。choubeigongzuochu,suishidoukeyijiandaochenlaofanmangdeshenying,youshishitongxiaodadan。zheduiyigenianjinqixundelaorenshiduodagongzuolianga!choubeiweiyuanhuishi1949nian10yue26richenglide,yinweichenlaodeweiwang,beigongtuiweichouweihuizhuren,zhaorenan、wangyiming、linhouzhou、wangjiqingweifuzhuren。chouweihuitongshijieguanlehankoushishanghui、hankoushigongyehui、wuchangshishanghuihehanyangxianshanghui。jingguo3nianchoubei,wuhanshigongshangyelianhehuiyu1952nian11yue24rizhengshichengli,72suigaolingdechenlaomingzhishiguididangxuanweidiyijieweiyuanhuizhuwei,zhihoulirendier、si、wujiezhuwei,shiwomenwuhanshigongshangyelianhehuidedianjirenhekaichuangren。

    與中國共產黨肝膽相照的省市領導人

      1948nianqiu,chenlaozhengzaipanghuangwuzhuzhiji,zhongguogongchandangdixiadangyuantongguogezhongqudaosongqu《xinminzhuzhuyilun》《muqianxingshihewomenderenwu》《zhongguorenminjiefangjunxuanyan》dengdangdewenjian。tazixiyuedu,duidangdezhengcezhubuyousuolejie,gongchanzhuyisixiangyekaishimengfa。zheniandongtian,dixiadangyuanlinyunzhongbeibu,chenlaotongguoshangcengqudaoqianfangbaijikaizhanyingjiu。tafenfuxiamianrenyuan:“woxianghuijidagezhaohu,yingjiuhuaqianyaoduoshaogeiduoshao,wuxuwoqianzi。”houyingjiuwuxiao,linyunzhongxisheng。

      wuhanjiefangqianxi,yixiegongshangjieshangcengrenshiquhuhuoqugang。tahanfuyouren:“neizhanshizhongguorenzijideshi,wuxuqugang。”taduirenshuo:“bierenyaozou,wojuebuzou。”cishi,dixiadangzuzhiyouzhaorenanyutalianxi,tahezhangnanxian、lishucheng、yuyuzhidenggejieshangcengrenshi,zuzhilewuhanhepingcujinhui,houyanbianweiwuhanshilinshijiujiweiyuanhuihewuhanshizhianweiyuanhui,tarengaihuicaiwuzuchang,huitongfuzuchanghuayuqing、zhaohoufudengduofangchoucuo,bingxiangfandongjunjingzuosixianggongzuo,xiaozhiyili、dongzhiyiqing,bingsongshangdaliangde“choulaofei”,yihuanqutamenchetuishibupohuaishizhengsheshihegongchang。zaiweichizhenkongshiqizhianjiyingjiejiefangdenggongzuozhong,zuochulegongxian。xianzaikanlai,dangshichenlaodengshehuizhimingrenshisuozuodezhexiegongzuoshimaolefeichangdadefengxiande,congzhefangmiankeyikanchuchenlaoduidangdeshiyeshiyougongxiande。wuhandixiadanggongzuoweiyuanhuishujicengdunzaihuiyijiefangqianxidedixiadouzhengshishuo“womenyongyuanbuhui、yebugaiwangjichenjingyuzhequnjinburenshi”。

      1949nian5yue16ri,wuhanjiefang。dangherenminduichenlaoweiyizhongren。1949nian9yue,tarenzhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyidaibiao,canjiale《gongtonggangling》dezhiding。chenlaozairenwuhanshifushichangshi, cengduiyourenshuo:“zheyangdehouyu,zhenshichuhuyiliao。”weibaodangdezhiyuzhien,chenlaonulixuexi,wangwogongzuo。zheshiguojiajinrushehuizhuyigemingshiqi,tazhuyaoshizhuchishigongshangliandegongzuo。yigongshanglianzhuweideshenfen,chenlaoqinlvfangwentuanqushanghai,dongyuangongshangjieshangcengrenshihuihanfazhanshiye。jizhixiezhuzhengfuwendingshichang,pingyiwujia。houlaiyifangmianzuzhigongshangjiexuexi《gongtonggangling》hezhengcefaling,gulitamenzaifucongguoyingjingjihegongrenjiejilingdaoxia,gaigejingyingfangzhenheguanlizhidu,jijicongshiyouyiyuguojiminshengdejingying;lingyifangmian,yexiangzhengfufanyinggongshangjiezaigongsiguanxihelaoziguanxidenggefangmiancunzaidekunnanhewenti。ciwai,zaidongyuangongshangjietourugexiangyundong、wanchengshuishou、tuixiaogongzhaidengfangmian,yezuolexuduogongzuo。

      1953nian,guojiagongbuleguodushiqizongluxian,zhixingdiyigewunianjingjijianshejihua。chenlaoyu1955niandanrenhubeishenggongshanglianzhuwei。sheng、shigongshanglianweipeihezhengfushixianduizibenzhuyigongshangyedeshehuizhuyigaizao,jinxingledaliangdegongzuo。hanchangzaozhuchangjiefanghoudedaozhengfufuchi,nengshengchanfeizao、ganyouheyagao,niannianyingli。tashenganzhiyoudangdelingdao,cainenggenghaodifazhan,yushizai1954nianshenqinggongsiheying,danweipizhun。ta“xiangbutong”,shuogerenziben“guoquzongyiweishizijikeqinkejianzhenglaide,jiefanghoucainongdongyuanlaishiboxuelaide。zhebiqiannazaishouli,zhenshiruzuozhenzhan,zaojiaochuyitian,zaoanxinyitian”。1955nian,zhengfupizhunhanchangchanggongsiheying,hougaijianwei“wuhanhuagongyuanliaochang”,shengchanduozhongxiandaihuagongyuanliao,yuanxiaoguoneiwai。jiefangqianta“shiyejiuguo”,fazhanhuagongdeyuanwang,jiefanghoucaishixian,tashifenxinwei。tou3niandingxi,takaolvyingxiang,budebuling,danlinghouzhuanhucunyinxingbuyong。yihougancuibuling。1957nian,tajianggupiaodengquanbuxianchu,weiweizhengfujieshou,1966nianzaicixianchu,zhongyuruyuan。

      1967nian5yue29ri,chenlaoyinfeiaibuzhiqushi,zhongnian87sui,zangyuhanyangbiandanshangongmu。1988nian3yue,qianzangyuwuchangjiufengshanhuimingongmu。chenlaoqushihou,xinhaigeminglaorenyuyuzhiyuchenlaowei:“wonaohaizhongmeiyoudiergerendegongshangjierenwu”。zaichenlaozhuidaohuishang,zhonggongdangzuzhidepingjiashi:yuzhongguogongchandangfengyutongzhou……zuofengzhengpai、zhonghouchangzhe、qianxuchengken……yishengaiguo、zhuiqiujinbu。

      sirensuiqu,jingshenchangcun,jincizhiyanpianyuliaoyixiansheng。

      (zuozhecengrenwuhanshigongshanglianfuzhuweijianmishuchang,diqijiewuhanshiminjianfuzhuwei,diwu、liu、bajiewuhanshizhengxieweiyuan,diqijiewuhanshizhengxiechangwei)

    責任編輯:范可新
    民建中央網站版權與免責聲明:

    ① fanbenwangzhuming“laiyuan:minjianzhongyang”desuoyouwenzi、tupianheyinshipingaojian,banquanjunshuminjianzhongyangheminjianzhongyangwangzhansuoyou,renhemeiti、wangzhanhuogerenruyouxuyaolianjiezhuanzaihuoqitafangshidiaoyongzhe,qingzhumingzhaizi“minjianzhongyangwangzhan”huoxiangguanziyang。

    ② fanbenwangweizhuming“laiyuan:minjianzhongyang”desuoyouwenzi、tupianheyinshipindenggaojianjunweizhuanzaigao,benwangzhuanzaijinweitigonggengduoxinxihecujinjiaoliuzhimude,budaibiaotongyiqiguandianhuozhengshiqineirongdezhenshixing,budaibiaobenzhanguandian,jingongcankao,womenbuzuorenhechengnuobaozheng,buchengdanrenhedezeren。ruqitameiti、wangzhanhuogerencongbenwangxiazaishiyong, bixubaoliubenwangzhumingde"gaojianlaiyuan",bingzifubanquandengfalvzeren。rushanzicuangaiwei"laiyuan:minjianzhongyang",benwangjiangyifazhuijiuzeren。

    ③ ruyinzuopinneirong、banquanheqitawentixuyaotongbenwanglianxide,qingzai30rineijinxing。

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