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  • 您當前所在位置: 首頁 > 人物風采 > 民建先賢

    孫曉村:與中共合作慎終如始

    作者:程 煒 王 靜   信息來源:《團結報》   發布時間: 2021年04月09日
      
    分享到:

    sunxiaocun

      sunxiaocun(1906-1991),zhejianghangzhouren,zhumingaiguominzhurenshi,shehuihuodongjia,zhongguogongchandangdeqinmizhanyou,zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyidiqijiequanguoweiyuanhuifuzhuxi,zhongguominzhujianguohuizhuoyuelingdaoren。

      sunxiaocunzaiqingshaonianshiqi,muduzhongguobanfengjianbanzhimindishehuidezhongzhongheian,shitachanshengduijiuzhidudebumanhefandiaiguosixiang。zaijiaxiangxiaoxuebiyehou,sunxiaocunjiuduyuhangzhouzongwenzhongxue,jijuzaishufujia。houkaorushanghaizhendandaxueyuke,sannianhouzhuanrubenke。“wusacanan”fashengshi,tahejinbutongxueyiqizaishanghaicanjiafandiaiguoyouxing。qihousunxiaocunjinrubeijingzhongfadaxuejiudu。zaibeijing,tacanjialelidazhaolingdaodefandidadaoduanqiruizhengfudeshiweiyouxing,huantongguoshanghaizhendandaxuetongxuewangruyangrenshiletadegegewangkunlun,bingzhuzaiwangkunlunjia。wangkunlunbitachang4sui,liangrenyixiongdixiangcheng,guanxishenhao。wangkunlundefuqinzaibeijingzuoshi,danduanqiruizhengfujingchangfabuchugongzi。sunxiaocunchangchangjiandaowangkunlundemuqinbayibaobaoyifunadaodangpuqu,huanhuiqianlaiweichijiating。wangkunlunjiangsunzhongshan“sanminzhuyi”“jianguodagang”dengjinbushujijiegeitayuedu,bingdongyuantajiaruguomindang。1927nian,jiangjieshifadongfangemingzhengbian,zai“si·yier”datushazhongshahailedapizhonggongdangyuanhejinburenshi。sunxiaocunbugugerenanwei,zaigemingdichaoshijiarulezhongguogongchandang。rudanghou,yimianzaizhongfadaxuejixudushu,yimianjieshoudangzuzhizhishi,zaiyinshuagongrenzhongkaizhandangdegongzuo,jixugemingliliang。youyuzhonggonghebeishengweibeipantuchumaizaopohuai,taanzhaodangzuzhizhishihuinanfang,congshijiaoyuanhezazhibianjigongzuo,yijishenrunongcungaodiaochayanjiu,zhuanxielexuduowenzhang,fabiaozaibaokanshang,jieluzhongguonongcunyidaochipindibu,weishenghuozaishuishenhuorezhongdenongminnahanhuhao,tichuzhongguonongcundefuxinggenbenchuluzaiyufeichufengjiandizhutudisuoyouzhi,pipanguomindangzhengfuyonggailiangzhuyisixiangqipiannongmin。

      因從事抗日救國活動被捕入獄

      zaizhongguogongchandangjianlikangriminzutongyizhanxiandehaozhaoxia,quanguorenmindekangrijiuwangyundongfengqiyunyong。1936nian5yue30ri,quanguogejiejiuguohuizaishanghaiyuanmingyuanluxuangaochengli,sunxiaocundangxuanweichangwuweiyuan。

      jiuguohuishizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxiadequnzhongzuzhi,zuichushicongjubandushuhuikaishide。zainanjingyounanjingdushuhui、funvwenhuacujinhui;zaishanghaiyoumayishe、shenghuoshudian、shenghuozhoukan、dushuchubanshe、zhongguonongcunjingjiyanjiuhui;zaiwuxiyouwuxixueshedengzuzhi。1933nianxiabannian,wangkunlun、sunxiaocun、caomengjun、wangfengdengfaqichenglidenanjingdushuhui,xueximakesizhuyi,taolunshishixingshi。chushidushuhuizhishizuzhidajiaduxiejinbushukan,dingqitaolun,houlai,suizhuxingshiriyiweidai,zhengzhiwentiyejiushijiuwangtucunwenti,chengletaolundezhongxin。1935nian8yue,zhonggongdixiadangtongguoshenjunru、zoutaofen、qianjunruidengtongzhidetuidong,nanjingdushuhuizaiwuxitaihujuxingyicihuiyi,shanghai、wuxijunyoudaibiaocanjia。huiyijueding,yidushuhuiweijichu,chouzunanjinggejiejiuguohui。jiuguohuichenglihou,yu“yier·jiu”yundongxianghuying,yiliaoyuanzhishizaigedachengshifenfenchenglijiuguohuihuoleisijiuguohuizuzhi。

      youyujiangjieshijianchi“rangwaibixianannei”defandongfangzhen,xiaojikangzhan,jijifangong,duijiuguohuidechenglijijiuguohuizhiyuansuiyuankangribuduishifennaonu。1936nian11yue21ri,jiangjieshixialingdaibuzaishanghaidejiuguohuilingdaoren:shenjunru、zoutaofen、zhangnaiqi、shaqianli、shiliang、ligongpu、wangzaoshi,rencheng“qijunzi”,batamenguanyazaijiangsugaodengfayuansuzhoukanshousuo。jiezhuzainanjingdaibulecaomengjunhesunxiaocun。1936nian11yue28rixiawu,sunxiaocunzhengzaicaizhengbukaihui,yourenzoujinhuiyishiduisunxiaocunshuo“luoyangyourenyaohenitanhua”(cishijiangjieshizhengzailuoyang)。dangsunxiaocunzouchuhuiyishishi,jiandaolianggetewudaizhushouqiang,chushiyizhangdaibuzheng,sunxiaocunhoubeiguanyazainanjingxianbingsilingbudatingyijianhuikeshinei。

      “qijunzi”beibuhou,quanguoxianqileshengshihaodadejiuyuanxingdong。songqingling、hexiangningdengrenfaqile“jiuguoruyu”yundong,tamenlvlingdaibiaotuanqusuzhoukanshousuozhiwen“jiuguoyouhezui?kangriweifanshenmefa?rujiuguoyouzui,bawomenyejiyaqilai。”zaizhongguogongchandangheguangdaminzhongdeshengyuanxia,jiangjieshipoyuminzhongdeyali,zhidebajiuguohuilingdaorenfangle。“qijunzi”hesunxiaocundengrenhuifuziyouhou,jixucongshiaiguogeminggongzuo。

      堅持隱蔽斗爭 迎接新中國成立

      kangrizhanzhengshenglihou,sunxiaocunhuidaoshanghai,yuwujuenonggongtongchuangbanxinghuazhichagongsi,renfuzongjingli,tongshidanrenshanghaifazhengxueyuanjingjixue、shehuixuejiaoshou。1945nian,tajiarulezhongguominzhugemingtongmeng(youcheng“xiaominge”),danrenguoneibuzhuren,liyongzijiduofangmiandeshehuilianxi,zaiguomindangminzhupaiheguomindangshangcengrenshizhong,jijijinxingfanneizhan、fanducai,cujinguomindangminzhupailianhedegongzuo。1947nian,shanghaigejingjituantilianyihuijianli,tajijicanjiagongshangjiexingqijucanhuihuodong,xiangtamenxuanchengzhongguogongchandangxinminzhuzhuyigemingzhuzhanghezhengce,jieshaorenminjiefangzhanzhengdexingshi。zhonggongdixiadangzuzhiliyongjucanhuizuizaobadangde“fazhanshengchan、fanrongjingji、gongsijiangu、laoziliangli”dezhengcegaosuyuhuizhe,bingtongguotamenxianggongshangjiechuanda。zheduiwendinggongshangjierenxin、gulidajiatuanjieyizhibaohugongshangqiyeqidaolehendadezuoyong。sunxiaocunhuancanyufaqishanghairenmintuantilianhehui,bingrenlishi。1948nianqiu,sunxiaocunjiedaozhonggongdixiadangzuzhidetongzhi,xiangtagaozhiguomindangshanghaijingbeisilingbudeyizhangheimingdanshangchuxianletademingzi,yaotashefajinkuaiduobi。yushi,tahefurenwuyuanxuzaijiedaotongzhidedangtian,jiuzhuanyidaoqitadifang,youqinqibangzhugoumaihuochepiao,santianhouquanjiarendaolehangzhou,zhuzaiyuemujia——hangzhouhuazangsixianghuazhili4hao。zheqijian,sunxiaocunshenjujianchu,duiwaihuamingsunchunting,touxianshihangxianxianyinxingdongshi,huanyinlemingpian。laiwangxinjianyilvwaitaodaxinfeng,jidaotadeqidiwuyandegongzuodanwei,youwuzhuanjiao。

      sunxiaocunzhuzaihangzhou,henshaowaichu,dantabingmeiyoutingzhihuodong,rengduitashuxidehangzhoujinrongjie、jiaoyujie、gongshangjieshangcengrenshizuoguozhengqugongzuo。hangzhoujiefanghou,tacengxianghangzhoushijunguanhuitigongguoyifenhangzhougejiejijifenzidemingdan,weihangzhoushijunguanhuicongguomindangjiuzhengquanshoulijieshouguolaihouxunsuhuifugongzuoqidaolezhongyaozuoyong。

      1949nian5yue3ri,hangzhoujiefang。dangtianshangwu,hangzhoushijunguanhuizhurentanzhenlinzhipaijunguanhuigongyebubuchangguojingtang、jiaojichuchuchanghuchengfang,xietanzhenlinmingpianlaikanwangta,biaoshiweiwen,bingqingtaquanjiarenwanshangguankanxinbianjingju《chuangwangjinjing》。5riyihou,zaijunguanhuilingdaoxia,sunxiaocunkaishigongkailumian,xiangjiaoyujie、gongshangjie、jinrongjierenshixuanchuanzhongguogongchandangdefangzhenzhengce,yaoqiudajiazaidanghezhengfulingdaoxia,zuohaowendingrenxingongzuo,jijigaohaoshengchanjingying。

      為新中國建設事業貢獻全部精力

      1949nian5yueshanghaijiefanghou,sunxiaocunqushanghai,tabeirenmingweihuadongyouzhigongsizongjingli,houyoudanrenshanghaishigongshanglianmishuchang。bujiufengdiaobeijinggongzuo,lirenzhengwuyuancaijingweiyuanhuiweiyuan、caijingjihuajufujuchang、zhongguoyinxinggongguchangwudongshidengzhi,zaichenyuntongzhilingdaoxiagongzuo。1949nianjiaruminzhujianguohui。tongnian,tachuxizhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyidiyijieweiyuanhuihuiyi。minjianyidazhiwudaqijian,fenbiedanrenminjianzhongyangjiguanxuanjiaochuchuchang、minjianzhongchangwei、minjianzhongyangmishuchang、minjianzhongyangfuzhuxiyijizhongyangziyiweiyuanhuizhurendengzhi,jinguangongzuorenwufanzhong,dantazaigongzuozhongshizhongjianchiliangtiaogenbenxinnian:

      yishijianchizhongguogongchandangdelingdao。zaichangqigemingshijianzhong,taduidangshiyiguandejiandingyuzhongcheng。jianxinzhongguogongchandanglingdaoshishixianduodanghezuozhidudegenbenbaozheng。1989nianchu,zhonggongzhongyangzaiyunniangzhiding《guanyujianchihewanshanzhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhizhidudeyijian》zhengjigefangmianyijianqijian,sunxiaocunqizhixianmingdibiaodaletadeguandian,“yidingyaojianchigongchandangdelingdao”。tashuo,“zaizhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuozonggejuzhong,gongchandangshilingdaohexin,bageminzhudangpaishijieshouzhongguogongchandanglingdaobingyudangtonglihezuodeqinmiyoudang,zhegeguanxiyaobaizheng。zaizhizhengwentishang,yaojianchizhongguogongchandangdejueduilingdao,geminzhudangpaiyugongchandangzaigongtongzhiliyujiansheyouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyezhong,yinggaigongfuzeren、rongruyugong。”neiduanshijian,tadegongzuohenmang,xiaochuanbingfazuo,tabianchiyaobiankaihui。youyiweibaoshejizhecaifangta,qingtajiuwoguoduodanghezuozhidufabiaoyijian,sunxiaocuncongzhongguolishitanqi,huiyizijizouguodedaolu。tashuo,“jiuzhongguojunfahunzhan、minbuliaosheng,zhongguogongchandangzaiweinanzhizhongjiejiuchuwomen,zaijiannankunkudeqingkuangxia,jinzuidaliliangbaohuledapidangwaiminzhurenshi,zaizhongguogemingdouzhengshijianzhong,zhongguogongchandangyuminzhudangpaihuannanyugong、fengyutongzhou,zaituanjiezhandouzhongqinmihezuojiexialeshenhoudeyouqing。meiyougongchandangjiumeiyouxinzhongguo,meiyougongchandangyemeiyouwodejintian。”sunxiaocunzuzujiangleyigeshangwu,xiangjinnaixindihuidalejizhedezhuduotiwen。diertianbaoshebianjibuzhurendalaidianhuashuobaosheduizhepianwenzhangshifenzhongshi,ciridiyibanjianbao,zhongwuqingyangsonglai,neironghuankexiugai。sunxiaocunzixiyueduhouzuolexiugai,tatichubiaotiyuzhengwenyidingyaojiashang“gongchandanglingdaode”6gezi。zheshiqianti,shizhengzhiyuanze,qiangdiaodeshihexin,yidingyaojianchi,fouzejiubuwanzheng。

      ershijianchituanjie。tashifenzhongshiminjianhuineituanjie,batuanjietongzhilieweidanrenlingdaorendebijinzhize。yiwangzaidangpaijiguanzhong,lingdaobanzichengyuanzhijian,jiguanganbuzhijianhuoduohuoshaocunzaiyixiebutuanjiexianxiang。yourenxiyiweichang,sunxiaocunquebushizheyang,tashifenzhongshijiejuezhegewenti,weici,tazai1986niande《minxun》shangfabiaoleyipianwenzhang,yuzhongxinchangdijianglesidianyijian:diyi“yaogudaju”。tarenwei,yaoxiangyixiangguoqudekunan,kankanshenzhoudadidaochuxinxinxiangrongdexianshi,wangyiwangguanghuiliaokuodeshehuizhuyiqianjing。dier“yaozhengquerenshiziji,zhengqueduidaibieren”。sunxiaocunrenwei,renguiyouzizhizhiming,zizhiyoudianyibanrenwangwangnengzuodao,keguideshizhidaozijidequedian。duidaibieren,bunengzhikandaotadequedian,yaocongfazhanbianhuashangkanren,kanrendesuzhizenyang,zhuyaozuofengzenyang,qiebukezhuazhubierendemouyiquedianerfoudingyiqie。disan“yaozhengqueguancheminzhujizhongzhi”。sunxiaocunshuo,womenhuxianggongshi,shuideyijiandui,jiujieshoushuideyijian。youshi,youbutongyijianerqiebenrenjianchi,yaoyunxubaoliu,danzhixingshiyaoanzhaojizhongqilaideduoshurendeyijianlaishixian。disi“yaozaigongzuozhong,baizhengzijideweizhi”。sunxiaocunshuo,fancongshilingdaogongzuoderenyouyidingfanweideyongrenquan、yongqianquan、zuojuedingdequan。“zhegequanshizuzhi、renmingeiwomende,yaoyonglaiweidaju、weigaige、weisihuafuwu,bunengweigerenmousili”。

      (benwenkanzaiyu《tuanjiebao》2021nian3yue18ri7ban)

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